footnote 1

Change View Perspective appears in the view control bar only if the active design file is 3D.

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footnote 2

Navigate Camera appears in the view control bar only if the active design file is 3D.

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footnote 3

If you change the Active Color using the tool box , the colors of selected elements (see “Selecting Elements” ) are also changed.

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footnote 4

The Line Style option menu has items that correspond to the most recently active custom line styles (up to four) and the eight numbered Standard line styles.

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footnote 5

Point curves are the traditional MicroStation curve element type (9). Stream curves are used primarily for tracing images when digitizing.

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footnote 6

To change the direction of an arc — from counterclockwise to clockwise, for example — swing the pointer around in the desired direction.

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footnote 7

Illustrations show pointer when drawing from left to right. Thus, the top component line has a positive Offset, and the bottom two component lines have negative Offsets.

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footnote 8

Illustrations show pointer when drawing from left to right. Thus, the top component line has a positive Offset, and the bottom two component lines have negative Offsets.

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footnote 9

When a multi-line in the design is selected, the handles are placed on the work line. If the Match All Element Settings tool in the Change Attributes tool box is used to make the active multi-line definition match that of the multi-line in the design, the work line is assigned the offset 0,0.

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footnote 10

If Diameter is on and the pointer is moved to a location that cannot be on the circle, the dynamic display of the circle disappears.

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footnote 11

If both Primary and Secondary are on, the primary and secondary axes are parallel to the view x- and y-axes, respectively.

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footnote 12

Or override.

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footnote 13

While Disable Edit Handles is turned on (in the Operation Category of the Preferences dialog box), selected elements are highlighted; handles are not displayed.

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footnote 14

While Disable Edit Handles is on, you cannot scale or modify the selected element in this manner.

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footnote 15

If the arc is elliptical, both axes are scaled.

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footnote 16

Except for rectangular shapes (blocks).

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footnote 17

This definition and the respective image shown apply when Optimized Fence Clipping is turned off in the Operation category of the Preferences dialog box. For more information about this preference, see Optimized fence clipping.

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footnote 18

This definition and the respective image shown apply when Use Optimized Fence Clipping is turned off in the Operation category of the Preferences dialog box. For more information about this preference, see Optimized fence clipping.

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footnote 19

Line, line string, multi-line, arc, ellipse, shape, curve, B-spline curve, complex chain, or complex shape.

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footnote 20

Line, line string, multi-line, arc, ellipse, shape, curve, B-spline curve, complex chain, or complex shape.

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footnote 21

Line, line string, multi-line, arc, ellipse, shape, curve, B-spline curve, complex chain, or complex shape.

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footnote 22

Planar area of shape, ellipse, complex shape. For 3D surfaces or solids, the total surface area in all dimensions.

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footnote 23

An element's Area attribute is changed with the Change Element to Active Area tool in the Change Attributes tool box.

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footnote 24

Somewhat akin to the “flood fill” tool in many paint programs. In 3D, restricted to coplanar elements.

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footnote 25

To convert a surface or cone that is uncapped to a solid, use the Change to Active Surface Settings tool in the Modify Surfaces tool box.

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footnote 26

Indicated graphically with a highlighted cross hair if the Display Centroid tool setting is on.

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footnote 27

While Disable Edit Handles is turned on (in the Operation Category of the Preferences dialog box), selected elements are highlighted; handles are not displayed.

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footnote 28

The LOCK CELLSTRETCH [OFF | ON | TOGGLE] key-in also can be used to turn Stretch Cells off or on.

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footnote 29

Row and column spacing are measured from the lower left corner of a linear element or the center of a circle or ellipse.

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footnote 30

Row and column spacing are measured from the lower left corner of a linear element or the center of a circle or ellipse.

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footnote 31

Also in the Change Attributes tool box.

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footnote 32

Also in the Change Attributes tool box.

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footnote 33

Also in the Text tool box.

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footnote 34

Also in the Patterns tool box.

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footnote 35

also in the Groups tool box.

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footnote 36

also in the Groups tool box.

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footnote 37

Also located in the Fillets tool box

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footnote 38

Also located in the Fillets tool box

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footnote 39

If a fillet is constructed between two closed elements or an open and a closed element, the closed element(s) are not modified.

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footnote 40

If the selected cell is a shared cell in the active DGN file, its definition can be deleted from the active DGN file only if there are no instances of the shared cell in the active DGN file.

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footnote 41

Direction in the cell definition. If a scale factor is between 0–1 (for example, 0.25), the size is decreased. If a scale factor is 1, the size is unchanged from the cell definition. If a scale factor is greater than 1, the size is increased.

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footnote 42

Direction in the cell definition. If a scale factor is between 0–1 (for example, 0.25), the size is decreased. If a scale factor is 1, the size is unchanged from the cell definition. If a scale factor is greater than 1, the size is increased.

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footnote 43

Direction in the cell definition. If a scale factor is between 0–1 (for example, 0.25), the size is decreased. If a scale factor is 1, the size is unchanged from the cell definition. If a scale factor is greater than 1, the size is increased.

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footnote 44

Point cells are always placed on the Active Level.

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footnote 45

For example, consider a graphic cell that was created with elements on levels 5, 7, and 8. If Relative is on and the Active Level is 1, the cell is placed on levels 1, 3, and 4. If the Active Level is 45, the cell is placed on levels 45, 47, and 48.

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footnote 46

cell_name is the name of a shared cell in the file or a cell in the attached cell library or cell library list.

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footnote 47

cell_name is the name of a shared cell in the file or a cell in the attached cell library or cell library list.

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footnote 48

Direction in the cell definition. If a scale factor is between 0–1 (for example, 0.25), size is decreased; if it is 1, size is unchanged from the cell definition; if it is greater than 1, size is increased.

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footnote 49

Direction in the cell definition. If a scale factor is between 0–1 (for example, 0.25), size is decreased; if it is 1, size is unchanged from the cell definition; if it is greater than 1, size is increased.

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footnote 50

Direction in the cell definition. If a scale factor is between 0–1 (for example, 0.25), size is decreased; if it is 1, size is unchanged from the cell definition; if it is greater than 1, size is increased.

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footnote 51

Point cells are always placed on the Active Level.

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footnote 52

For example, consider a graphic cell that was created with elements on levels 5, 7, and 8. If Relative is on and the Active Level is 1, the cell is placed on levels 1, 3, and 4. If the Active Level is 45, the cell is placed on levels 45, 47, and 48.

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footnote 53

To be patterned , a closed element's Area attribute must be Solid. An element's Area attribute is changed with the Change Element to Active Area tool in the Change Attributes tool box.

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footnote 54

To be patterned, a closed element's Area attribute must be Solid. An element's Area attribute is changed with the Change Element to Active Area tool in the Change Attributes tool box.

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footnote 55

To be patterned, a closed element's Area attribute must be Solid. An element's Area attribute is changed with the Change Element to Active Area tool in the Change Attributes tool box.

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footnote 56

To be patterned, a closed element's Area attribute must be Solid. An element's Area attribute is changed with the Change Element to Active Area tool in the Change Attributes tool box.

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footnote 57

To convert associative hatching into line elements that are no longer associated with the element, use the Drop Associative Pattern tool in the Drop tool box.

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footnote 58

To be crosshatched, an element's Area attribute must be Solid. An element's Area attribute is changed with the Change Element to Active Area tool in the Change Attributes tool box.

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footnote 59

To be crosshatched, an element's Area attribute must be Solid. An element's Area attribute is changed with the Change Element to Active Area tool in the Change Attributes tool box.

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footnote 60

To be crosshatched, an element's Area attribute must be Solid. An element's Area attribute is changed with the Change Element to Active Area tool in the Change Attributes tool box.

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footnote 61

To be crosshatched, an element's Area attribute must be Solid. An element's Area attribute is changed with the Change Element to Active Area tool in the Change Attributes tool box.

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footnote 62

If the Row Spacing or Column Spacing is zero, the instances of the Active Pattern Cell are placed contiguous to one another.

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footnote 63

To convert associative crosshatching into primitive elements that are no longer associated with the element, use the Drop Associative Pattern tool in the Drop tool box.

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footnote 64

To be patterned, an element's Area attribute must be Solid. An element's Area attribute is changed with the Change Element to Active Area tool in the Change Attributes tool box.

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footnote 65

To be patterned, an element's Area attribute must be Solid. An element's Area attribute is changed with the Change Element to Active Area tool in the Change Attributes tool box.

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footnote 66

To be patterned, an element's Area attribute must be Solid. An element's Area attribute is changed with the Change Element to Active Area tool in the Change Attributes tool box.

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footnote 67

To be patterned, an element's Area attribute must be Solid. An element's Area attribute is changed with the Change Element to Active Area tool in the Change Attributes tool box.

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footnote 68

If between 0–1 (for example, 0.25), size is decreased. If 1, size is unchanged from cell definition. If greater than 1, size is increased.

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footnote 69

If the Row Spacing or Column Spacing is zero, the instances of the Active Pattern Cell are placed contiguous to one another.

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footnote 70

To convert associative patterning into primitive elements that are no longer associated with the element, use the Drop Associative Pattern tool in the Drop tool box.

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footnote 71

A line, arc, curve, or ellipse; or each segment of a line string, shape, complex chain, or complex shape.

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footnote 72

If between 0–1 (for example, 0.25), the size is decreased. If 1, the size is unchanged from the cell definition. If greater than 1, the size is increased.

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footnote 73

Also in the Modify tool box.

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footnote 74

Also in the Modify tool box.

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footnote 75

If a fillet is constructed between two closed elements or an open and a closed element, the closed element(s) are not modified.

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footnote 76

To create a group (orphan cell), select the elements and choose Group from the Edit menu. A group is not the same as a graphic group.

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footnote 77

These connections appear as “lines” that connect the endpoints of the elements. These connections are part of the complex chain but are not elements. They disappear when complex status is dropped. It is recommended that elements be connected manually before being included in a complex chain.

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footnote 78

These connections appear as “lines” that connect the endpoints of the elements. These connections are part of the complex chain but are not elements. They disappear when complex status is dropped. It is recommended that elements be connected before being included in a complex chain.

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footnote 79

These connections appear as “lines” that connect the endpoints of the elements. These connections are part of the complex chain but are not elements. They disappear when complex status is dropped. It is recommended that elements be connected before being included in a complex chain.

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footnote 80

Somewhat akin to the “flood fill” tool in many paint programs.

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footnote 81

Shapes, ellipses, circles, or complex shapes.

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footnote 82

Shapes, ellipses, circles, or complex shapes.

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footnote 83

Shapes, ellipses, circles, or complex shapes.

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footnote 84

Where an element that is to be deleted is inside the initial element, then its Area attribute is converted to Hole. The effect is the same as using the Group Holes tool.

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footnote 85

Depends on global angle units setting

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footnote 86

The Tolerance is set in the B-splines dialog box .

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footnote 87

To construct a parabolic fillet to two elements, use the Construct Parabolic Fillet tool.

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footnote 88

To place a partial ellipse as an arc element, use the Place Half Ellipse tool or Place Quarter Ellipse tool in the Arcs tool box.

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footnote 89

More precisely:Length between first two poles of extension curve = Length between two poles of original curve ¥ Extension Scale ³ (1 - Extension Scale)

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footnote 90

Z-axis in 3D-only.

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footnote 91

The version for your system may not support the use of a digitizing tablet. For information about supported input devices, see MicroStation and Graphical Input.

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footnote 92

Also in the Rendering Tools tool box.

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footnote 93

The view's Active Depth, which is set with the Set Active Depth view control, must be within its Display Depth.

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footnote 94

Here the word “primitive” is used in a somewhat different sense than its normal meaning.

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footnote 95

If you omit the z-coordinate, or any other coordinate, it is the same as keying in 0 for that coordinate.

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footnote 96

The Primary Radius has no effect on this step.

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footnote 97

If X Scale or Y Scale are off, the profile element is not scaled in that direction.

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footnote 98

To be sure the axis of revolution is defined at the exact location desired, use AccuDraw.

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footnote 99

The Tolerance is set in the B-splines and 3D dialog box (Element > B-spline and 3D).

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footnote 100

Rail curves can be created with the Extract Surface Rule Lines tool in the Curves tool box, the Extract Face or Edge Geometry tool in the 3D Utility tool box, or with the Project Trim tool, with Project Curve on, in the Modify Surfaces tool box.

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footnote 101

Also in the View Control tool box.

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footnote 102

3D only

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footnote 103

Also in the Dimension tool box.

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footnote 104

Also in the Dimension tool box.

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footnote 105

The active text settings are set in the Text Styles dialog box (Element > Text Styles). The most commonly changed active text settings are also tool settings for Place Text.

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footnote 106

The active text settings are set in the Text Styles dialog box (Element > Text Styles). The most commonly changed active text settings are also tool settings for Place Text.

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footnote 107

Line element or segment of a line string, shape, or multi-line.

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footnote 108

The active text settings are set in the Text Styles dialog box (Element > Text Styles). The most commonly changed active text settings are also tool settings for Place Text.

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footnote 109

Line element or segment of a line string, shape, or multi-line.

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footnote 110

The active text settings are set in the Text Styles dialog box (Element > Text Styles). The most commonly changed active text settings are also tool settings for Place Text.

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footnote 111

The active text settings are set in the Text Styles dialog box (Element > Text Styles). The most commonly changed active text settings are also tool settings for Place Text.

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footnote 112

The active text settings are set in the Text Styles dialog box (Element > Text Styles). The most commonly changed active text settings are also tool settings for Place Text.

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footnote 113

Per pixel.

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footnote 114

The 24-bit PICT output produced by MicroStation uses direct RGB PixMaps (described in Inside the Macintosh VI). To use these PICTs on the Macintosh, you must have either System 7.0 or 32-bit QuickDraw version 1.2 under System 6.0.x.

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footnote 115

If a PICT file produced by MicroStation takes too long to print from a Macintosh, display the file on the screen at 100% scale and use a screen capture utility to recapture the screen.

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footnote 116

Often used as a “wrapper” for other formats such as CCITT-Group 4 Fax.

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footnote 117

Not supported by all printers.

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footnote 118

Not supported by all printers.

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footnote 119

Not supported by all printers.

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footnote 120

Not supported by all printers.

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footnote 121

Not supported by all printers.

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footnote 122

Calcomp 907 format only (least desirable handshake).

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footnote 123

This operator could be useful for building a string, but it should not be used for directory or file lists.

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footnote 124

This character points towards the end of the existing directory of file lists, where the new value is added.

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footnote 125

This character points to the beginning of the existing directory of file lists, where the new value is added.

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footnote 126

Must first be assigned to a function key.

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footnote 127

Must first be assigned to a function key.

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footnote 128

The general procedure for modifying an existing drawing component is similar. Only steps 5-6 are unique to the creation procedure, and steps 1, 8, and 9 are optional in the modification procedure.

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footnote 129

Actually, a Cell component or an Active Point or Area Pattern component that will specify a cell.

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footnote 130

Actually, a Cell component or an Active Point or Area Pattern component that specifies a cell.

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footnote 131

http://www.okinfoweb.com/moe/smime/DIDs/did_008.htm

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footnote 132

The MDL applications, supplied in MicroStation's "mdlsys\asneeded" directory, that perform import (in) and export (out).

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footnote 133

To interactively import a 3D DWG or DXF file, the open DGN file must be 3D. Unless you are sure an IGES file is 2D, the open DGN file should be 3D. Be sure the DGN file has appropriate working units (see Keeping units and measurements correct).

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footnote 134

All entities in a CALS Class I file must be 2D. You can flatten in any standard view. If Flattening is set to None and the DGN file is 3D, the IGES file is not CALS Class I-compliant.

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footnote 135

Custom color definitions are not allowed in CALS Class I IGES files.

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footnote 136

CALS Class I and II IGES files must have at least one drawing entity.

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footnote 137

A MicroStation line string or shape element can have a maximum of 5000 vertices. If a copious data entity has more than 5000 vertices, it is translated as a complex chain or complex shape that contains multiple line strings.

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footnote 138

Only bounded planes with a positive bounded area (form 1) are translated. In this case, the bounding curve is interpreted as closed. For example, if the bounding curve is a composite curve it is interpreted as a complex shape rather than a complex chain.

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footnote 139

Form 1 ruled surfaces are approximated as form 0. The parameterization of the ruled surfaces is always taken from the rail curves as specified in form 0.

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footnote 140

Trimmed parametric surface entities are translated to B-spline surface elements with boundaries. Since MicroStation supports only polygonal surface boundaries, curved boundaries are approximated by stroking the curves to polygons.

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footnote 141

See Importing dimension elements.

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footnote 142

SeeImporting dimension elements.

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footnote 143

See Importing dimension elements.

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footnote 144

See Importing dimension elements.

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footnote 145

See Importing dimension elements.

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footnote 146

See Importing dimension elements.

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footnote 147

See Importing dimension elements.

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footnote 148

See Importing dimension elements.

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footnote 149

See Importing dimension elements.

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footnote 150

See Importing dimension elements.

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footnote 151

The Subfigure Output control in the IGES Import Settings dialog box sets how subfigures are translated. If no cell library is attached, Subfigure Output is set to shared cells.

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footnote 152

The Subfigure Output control in the IGES Import Settings dialog box sets how subfigures are translated. If no cell library is attached, Subfigure Output is set to shared cells.

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footnote 153

The Drawings control in the IGES Import Settings dialog box sets how view visibility is handled. See also Drawing sheets and view visibility.

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footnote 154

The Drawings control in the IGES Import Settings dialog box sets whether drawing entities are ignored, merged into the DGN file, or have a sheet file created with appropriate attached views. See also Drawing sheets and view visibility.

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footnote 155

The Subfigure Output control in the IGES Import Settings dialog box sets how subfigures are translated. If no cell library is attached, Subfigure Output is set to shared cells.

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footnote 156

The Subfigure Output control (IGES Import Settings dialog box) sets how subfigures are translated. If no cell library is attached, Subfigure Output is set to shared cells.

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footnote 157

The Subfigure Output control (IGES Import Settings dialog box) sets how subfigures are translated. If no cell library is attached, Subfigure Output is set to shared cells.

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footnote 158

The Subfigure Output control in the IGES Import Settings dialog box sets how subfigures are translated. If no cell library is attached, Subfigure Output is set to shared cells.

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footnote 159

See Exporting dimension elements.

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footnote 160

And also, of course, the size of the DGN file.

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footnote 161

VDAIS is a set of guidelines for using IGES established by the German automobile industry.

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footnote 162

And also, of course, the size of the exported IGES file.

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footnote 163

Floating-point.

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footnote 164

Floating-point.

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footnote 165

The complete level path must be specified for each name that is not unique in the level structure. The colon (:) is the separator character in a level path specification.

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footnote 166

To graphically select individual elements, use the Element Selection tool.

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footnote 167

standard wireframe view.

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footnote 168

When a dimension is placed, the specified cell is placed as a shared cell, so its definition must exist in the design file.

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footnote 169

When a dimension is placed, the specified cell is placed as a shared cell, so its definition must exist in the design file.

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footnote 170

When a dimension is placed, the specified cell is placed as a shared cell, so its definition must exist in the design file.

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footnote 171

If the lock control to the right of the Height and Width fields is in the locked position, Height and Width are forced to be the same value and keying in one size factor changes the other. If unlocked, a different Height and Width can be keyed in. To turn the lock control on or off, click it.

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footnote 172

If the lock control to the right of the Height and Width fields is in the locked position, Height and Width are forced to be the same value and keying in one size factor changes the other. If unlocked, a different Height and Width can be keyed in. To turn the lock control on or off, click it.

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footnote 173

Called “degrees, minutes, and seconds.”

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footnote 174

An Isometric grid is actually a special case of an Offset grid.

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footnote 175

For use with Isometric Lock and at 30 and 150 (the same as Top) for use with the Place Isometric Block and Place Isometric Circle tools.

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footnote 176

For use with Isometric Lock and at 30 and 150 (the same as Top) for use with the Place Isometric Block and Place Isometric Circle tools.

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footnote 177

If you edit or delete this, you must close the window for the change to become effective.

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footnote 178

If you edit or delete this, you must close the window for the change to become effective.

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footnote 179

If you edit or delete this, you must close the window for the change to become effective.

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footnote 180

If you edit or delete this, you must close the window for the change to become effective.

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